Transformation to Fossil-Free Steel with the HYBRIT technology

Tuesday 18th June 09:10 - 09:40


Steel is the most important material for modern society, indispensable for the production of food, drinking water, electricity, housing and infrastructure like railway, bridges, tunnels, and airports. Steel is also the most recycled material. However, growth in world steel demand can’t be satisfied only by recycling. Virgin iron ore-based steel is needed for the foreseeable future. Current production technologies of steel from iron ore rely heavily on fossil energy sources like coal and natural gas, and the steel industry accounts for approximately 7% of global CO2-emissions.

SSAB, together with mining company LKAB and energy company Vattenfall, set-up the HYBRIT initiative in 2016, aiming at developing a fossil free value chain from mine to steel, thus solving the root cause of CO2-emission. Extensive research and development efforts have taken place, and in early 2022, SSAB decided to accelerate and complete the transformation to fossil-free steelmaking around 2030, 15 years ahead of the earlier target of 2045.


Martin Pei

Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer


Martin Pei has a BSc in ferrous metallurgy from Northeastern University, Shenyang, China and a doctorate in process metallurgy from the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. Martin started his working experience in 1994 at Danieli and since 2001 he has been with SSAB, at their primary operations in Oxelösund, Sweden. Since 2007, he has served as executive vice president and chief technology officer at SSAB. During 2010 and 2014, he also served as head of SSAB Business Area APAC.

Martin is the initiator of the HYBRIT initiative, a co-operation between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, and served as the first-term chairman of board for Hybrit Development AB. He is currently chairman of board for SWERIM—the Swedish Research Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Metals Research. Martin is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy for Engineering Sciences.


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